According to theories in feminism and sexuality wpmen, virginity may be socially constructed as either a gift, a stigma, an act of worship, or a process. We synthesize findings from quantitative sources and Phillipino women qualitative data from focus groups and interviews with Filipino women and men. Filipina women expressed disapproval of sex for unmarried women, but less for unmarried men, and placed less importance on male virginity. The evidence indicates the presence of a sexual double standard and supports the argument that women themselves may endorse cultural belief systems that restrict female sexuality. Female virginity was dominantly constructed either as a gift an embodied resource given by women to men or, more often, as Woman seeking nsa Taylor Mill Kentucky prize to be claimed by men from women within the context of heterosexual marriage. Male virginity, in contrast, was largely viewed as a stigma.

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When applied to the language, Pilipino is synonymous with Tagalog, Phil,ipino language widely spoken in Manila, Bulacan, Bataan, and Batangas. Finally, a fourth social meaning frames virginity as a part of the normative developmental processes of growing up and becoming an adult. Such sexual double standards have been documented by qualitative research on Filipino sexuality. Filipino is the Hispanized (or Anglicized) way of referring to both the people and Note that it is also correct to say Filipino for a male and Filipina for a female.

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Pbillipino Still confused? Second, what social meanings do young Filipino women and men ascribe to female virginity? The "P" or "Ph" is used because most Filipino languages do not have the Phillipino women sound with the exception of some native people in the Cordillera and Mindanao, like the Ifugao and the Teduray.

The fertility rate is about 3. The accepted way is to spell these words as "bi-o-ti-ey" and "ti-i-ti-i-key" or something to that effect.

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This meaning is an extension of Philpipino otherwise secular meaning of virginity as an Pnillipino gift, but takes it further by constructing virginity as an embodied resource that is PPhillipino and blessed, while its premature i. British traveler Jon Howe recalls his experience dating a fellow long-term adventurer, Filipino Kach Medina. Table 1. For the purposes of this study, an analytic sample of sexually active Filipinos ages 15 to 27 years old 3, women and 3, men was used.

And what about rape and other forms of coerced sexual activity? Etymologically, the word virgin has roots in the Latin virgo or maiden, indicating that virginity was synonymous to premarital womanhood. Virginity: Gendered Valuations Apart from the diverse social meanings and accompanying valuations ascribed to it, virginity is also highly gendered. What counts as Phillipino women penile-vaginal intercourse, or also lesbian or gay sex?

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The same goes for Pilipinas, which is the name of the country itself. In the following section, we present an integrated narrative of the quantitative and qualitative data in order to explore how Filipino women and men place value on female virginity and what social meanings they ascribe to virginity and virginity loss, including the presence of a sexual double standard.

Filipino is the Hispanized or Anglicized way of referring to both the people and the language in the Philippines. Research Problem We examine the problem of how virginity, especially female virginity, is socially constructed in Filipino sexual culture by examining both nationally representative public opinion and original field-based qualitative Shreveport sluts fucking from focus groups and Phillipino women with Filipino women and men in order to answer two research questions.

This le to the possibility that women, being socialized into the same cultural ideologies about sexuality and about female and male virginity, may themselves internalize and endorse such beliefs.

Literature Review Virginity: Contested Meanings The definition of virginity, which determines whether or Dominant italian seeks submissive Granton, Ontario one is a virgin, has long been debated in gender and sexuality studies. An equally important issue concerning virginity is who gets to define it. For example, bote bottle and titik letters are spelled Abakada style as "ba-o-ta-e" and "ta-i-ta-i-ka," which even make children die laughing!

A quarter On average, Phillipino women men begin cohabiting or were married at the age of 21, and women, at the age of Articleand religious institutions like Islam and Roman Catholicism e. Participation was voluntary, and respondents were informed that they would be asked questions about family planning. The transition from being a virgin to being sexually active is construed as being simply one of many developmental milestones along the pathway to adulthood.

Participants had an average household income of 6, PhP per month.

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First, virginity is socially constructed as a gift. The evidence indicates the presence of Phillipino women sexual double standard and supports the argument that women themselves may endorse cultural belief systems that restrict female sexuality. For more, please follow these links:. This was because we were primarily interested in respondents who had transitioned from the virginity to the nonvirginity status and whose views toward virginity were based on lived experiences of partaking in sexual life, rather than a mere hypothetical perspective on what would happen upon virginity loss.

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Aside from these definitional debates, relevant to the current study is how virginity is socially and individually constructed and ascribed meaning Puillipino by women and men. Equating female virginity to female virtue, alongside a Germantown WI sexy women silence on male virginity, indicates Phillipino women virginity is dominantly constructed as gendered in many aspects of Philippine culture, offering basic evidence of a sexual double standard.

What was supposed to be a. Interviews lasted approximately one hour and focus group discussions between 1. It should be noted, however, that while we interweave the findings to present an overall narrative, all quantitative are from the national survey, while all qualitative findings are from the field-based Phhillipino and focus group discussions. The original study examined Filipino beliefs surrounding contraceptive use and non-use to provide guidance for intervention strategies to increase use of Pillipino contraception.

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Meanings of virginity model based on Carpenter, Never use or say Philippino, because that doesn't sound right. Figure 1. Rates of heterosexual marriage in the West have declined, giving woomen to other patterns of adult relationships such Phillipino women civil unions and cohabitation. We analyzed responses by demographic variables via cross-tabulation using standard X2 tests of association, with p values set at.

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The Filipina Women's Network is a San Francisco based non-profit professional organization for women of Philippine ancestry with members worldwide. From a critical realist perspective Gunnarsson et al.